India, the Subcontinent nation is one of the oldest civilization in the world. India is one of the most vividly & diversely populated homes and one of the most vibrant fashion trends in the world.
The most significant fashion symbol of Indian culture & traditions is the Saree or a Drape, extensively decorated with various prints & floral designs, which is a symbol of Indian women. It’s a saying, “Nari he to sari he, sari he to nari he.” Means a sari is what makes an Indian women. The Indian Sarees are not popular among the native Indians but is also a craze abroad.
The Indian Sarees is the best example of craftsmanship, art & technique that transforms an ordinary loom of fabric to one of the best, beautiful & precious piece of cloth for a lady to own. Although due to advancement in weaving industry and the introduction of power looms by the Englishmen causing industrial revolution in India, still many famous Sarees are been made using handmade techniques in many parts.
The Indian saree has many extensive types, basically influenced by the local traditions, culture, and occasion, extensively on the resources for the fabric & purpose of ease in wearing like Banarasi silk saree(famous for miniature designs), Kanjivaram Silk sari(famous for bright, royal color scheme & splendid use of gold zari on its broad border), Patola saree(manufactured in Gujarat, known for its tradition design), Bandhani( tie & dye), Kota Doriya(from Rajasthan, uses work of zari & precious, semi-precious stones) & Dhaniakhali Saree(from State of West Bengal, known as Durga Puja Saree).
Few major & Famous types of the Saree of Indian Subcontinent are,
1. Banarasi Silk Saree – Famous for its graceful look, colors, & miniature designs, it is mainly produced by the weavers of the city of Banaras and villages nearby. It is mainly handwoven and takes a couple of weeks to months to be completed. But now many weavers use modern equipments and tools with advancement in technologies. Adorned with minute designs and traditional motifs like peacock, mango, flowers etc, it is the best and precious gift for a bride and is usually worn by ladies on a special occasion like a wedding with their best of jewelry.
2. Dhaniakhali & Kantha Saree – Majorly found in the western region of the country, the Dhaniakhali & Kantha sarees mark an important place in clothing tradition of eastern India. While Dhaniakhali is extensively worn by Bengali ladies on the festival of Maa Durga puja. Kantha Sarees use a weaving technique called Kantha means stitching. Each strand of thread is closely & precisely woven giving it a semi-transparent, wavy look.
3. Kanjivaram Silk Saree – Famed for its best craftsmanship, excellent silk quality, exotic golden zari designs & durability. It is considered as one of the most expensive clothing’s which take a month to 6 months & even year to get manufactured. It is very popular, not only in southern India but in other parts too.
4. Patola Silk Saree – Exclusively known for its lustrous finish, broad design & big prints on the free end. Primarily made at Patan, Gujarat it was initially owned by only Royals & Aristocrats and is considered as the most expensive Saree in Indian market that is traditionally handwoven. Gold wires and precious stones are used to decorate this exotic cloth.
5. Chanderi Silk Saree – Majorly produced in central India, this Saree is known for its floral & coins design & best quality of silk to be used in the manufacturing.
Facts about Saree
1. Goddess Padmavati, a Kanjivaram saree, holds the record for the longest saree with the length of 643m.
2. Former CM of Tamil Nadu, Late Jayalalitha had the most no. of Sarees (10,500+ sarees).
3. Painting saree, by Chennai Silk, is the most expensive saree till date, costing an amount of Rs.40, 00,000.
4. Bandhni is the oldest dyeing technique, dated back 3500BC, still in use.