Land pollution is the deposition of solid or liquid waste materials on land or under it which can contaminate the soil and most of the things which belong to the earth. Soil pollution or pollution of any type can be a danger to the public health on a greater extent.
Land pollution can be the result of natural factors as well as of human activities. Natural factors which can cause soil pollution include volcanic eruptions, changes in rainfall patterns, topographic changes, wind, and glacier movements. Most of these factors are influenced by human activities. While human activities include increasing rate of deforestation, low level of fertile top soil due to faulty agricultural practices, use of sewage as manure, toxic chemicals, etc.
Harmful effects of land pollutions are–
- It results in a substantial decrease in soil fertility and agricultural production.
- Chemicals used for agriculture like pesticides, insecticides and herbicides cause various diseases and several deaths.
- Bacteria from the soil can transmit to the human beings and cause diseases like dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, etc.
- They destroy the aesthetic beauty of our surrounding environment, they produce harmful gasses and bad smell
- Soil pollution is the main cause of water pollution.
We should always take steps to stop such activities which can lead to land pollution. Here are some steps which we can take part in order to prevent land pollution:
1. For Households
Everyone should try to minimize the domestic waste as much as they can do. You should follow the rule of 3Rs which are reuse, reduce and recycle. Human is the main source of domestic waste, so, everyone must cooperate with waste collection parties by putting their wastes at the right place. You should follow the best practices for the disposal of the domestic waste.
2. Industries waste
Industries produce waste usually which are very harmful and in high amount. So, they should put their waste at a place from where it could be easily lifted for its final disposal. They should cooperate the society in order to spread less harmful effects to the environment. Industries should follow the government rules related to their wastes management.
3. The role of hospitals
Hospitals should be very cautious with their wastes as they can contain lots of infectious things and microorganism. They should use appropriate technology to dispose of their wastes. They should dispose them after sterilization depending upon the rules of the country. Hospitals should put their solid waste at proper place to help waste collection contractors to take it without any inconvenience or its littering.
4. How community should control soil pollution
It is one of the most important issues of the community, people should motivate households to throw it to the designated places. The community can play a great role by spreading awareness about soil pollution and solid waste management to its members.
5. The role of waste collection contractors
Waste collection companies should show punctuality and lift the domestic and industrial waste without any delay. They should transport the waste at landfill sites safely and at proper time. They should dispose different types of waste with different ways. They should segregate the reusable and recyclable items before dumping it into the disposal sites.
6. The role of civic agencies
They should plan the management of solid waste in true spirit which will handle the increasing owing to increase in population and the excretion of waste materials. They should use more budgets if needed to carefully handle the management system.
7. The role of authorities
Authorities should make strict laws to punish those who don’t play their role in waste management. It is a sensitive matter which can cause very bad results if not treated properly.