Measles is a highly infectious respiratory condition caused by infection with measles virus or Rubeola virus. Measles is much more serious than chickenpox or rubella; the complications can be pneumonia and maybe death.
The best way to prevent measles is immunization. For treating measles it important to know the signs and symptoms so that you can go to doctor as soon as possible for treatments-
1. Cold and cough – Measles begins with cold and cough with a sore throat, runny nose, and watery eyes. The symptoms start to appear within 14 days of exposure to the virus.
2. Fever – The fever can be mild or severe. It can reach up to 104°F (40°C) for few days.
3. Rashes – Rashes on the body appear after third or fourth day. The red or reddish brown rashes appear on the forehead and the neck and then spread to the arms and legs. The spots are red and in the form of raised and flat bumps.
4. Koplik’s spot – Very small white spots with bluish-white centers called ‘koplik’s spots’ starts to appear in the mouth, inside the cheeks and throat. If you see these spots, then immediately go to the doctor.
5. Inflamed eyes – The rashes can be accompanied by conjunctivitis (pinkeye). Conjunctivitis can lead to discharge and water from the eyes. Other symptoms include dehydration, breathing difficulties, and drowsiness. If you see these symptoms call your doctor. The disease is highly contagious from 4 days before rashes appear. It spread to a healthy person when they breathe in infected droplet when a patient cough or sneeze.
- To protect your kids from measles is to have them vaccinated according to Immunization chart.
- People who had measles are immune and will not be re-infected.
- The vaccine should not be given to the pregnant women, kids who are allergic to the gelatin or to neomycin antibiotics, kids which have weak immunity due to severe diseases like tuberculosis or leukemia.
Treatment There is no specific medical treatment for measles. To manage symptoms patients are recommended plenty of rest. Increase the intake of fluid because fever makes him dehydrated quickly. Give vitamin A supplements. If fever is making the child uncomfortable then give medicine except for aspirin-like ibuprofen, acetaminophen. Before giving any medicine consult your doctor first. As measles is contagious keep your child away from school.