The solstice happens twice every year (21St June and 22nd December). The word solstice is gotten from the Latin sol (sun) and sistere (to stop), in light of the fact that at the solstices, the Sun stops in declination; that is, the occasional development of the Sun’s way (as observed from Earth) grinds to a halt before switching heading.
The day of the solstice has either the most extreme daylight known as summer solstice or the minimum daylight known as the winter solstice. The marvel of the solstice is quite recently inverse in the two halves of the globe. For an onlooker on the North Shaft, the sun achieves the most elevated position in the sky once every year in June. The day this happens is known as the June solstice day. So also, for a spectator on the South Shaft, the sun achieves the most elevated position on December solstice day. When it is the midyear solstice at one Shaft, it is the winter solstice on the other. The sun’s westerly movement never stops as the Earth is persistently in turn. In any case, the sun’s movement in declination grinds to a halt right now of solstice. In that sense, solstice signifies “sun-standing”. The two solstices can be recognized by various sets of names, contingent upon which include one needs to push.
Difference b/w the two solstices:-
1. Summer solstice and winter solstice are the most widely recognized names, alluding to the seasons they are related to. Be that as it may, these can be equivocal since the northern side of the equator’s mid-year is the southern half of the globe’s winter and the other way around.
2. June solstice and December solstice allude to the times of year in which they occur, with no uncertainty as to which side of the equator is the specific situation. They are as yet not general, in any case, as not all societies utilize a sun-oriented based schedule where the solstices happen each year around the same time
3. Northern solstice and southern solstice demonstrate the side of the equator of the Sun’s area. The northern solstice is in June when the Sun is specifically over the Tropic of Growth in the Northern Side of the equator, and the southern solstice is in December when the Sun is straightforwardly over the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Side of the equator. These terms can be utilized unambiguously for different planets.
Facts about solstices:-
1. The year’s two solstices are the minutes when the sun seems least or most astounding in the sky.
2. The fundamental hub of Stonehenge was adjusted to indicate nightfall at the winter solstice.
3. Christmas feasts come from the act of butchering cows at the winter solstice so they would not need to be nourished amid the winter.
4. The winter solstice, as a rule, falls on December 21 or 22 however once in a while is on December 20 or 23.
5. The last December 23 solstice was in 1903 and the following one won’t be until 2303.
6. As the tilt of the World’s pivot focuses towards the sun in the southern half of the globe amid our winter, yesterday was the late spring solstice in Australia.
7. This month, the UN pronounced the day of the late spring solstice to be Worldwide Yoga Day.
8. The agnostic celebration of Yule was generally celebrated at the winter solstice.
9. Christ’s birthday was settled on December 25 by the Board of Nicaea in AD325 as that was then the date of the solstice in the Julian Date-book.